Diabetes has become one of the major problems people facing around the world. As the cases of this health issues are increasing very rapidly. So, it becomes our duty to spread awareness around the early signs and symptoms so that the problem can be caught even in the first stage and we can be even able to avoid the advance stage of the health issue.
Although many people with type 2 diabetes worry about losing their vision or having an amputation, the greater risk is to the heart and brain.
About 65% of people with type 2 diabetes dies because of Heart disease or strokes. They are two to four times more likely to die of Heart disease than people without diabetes.
So,there are several ways by which a diabetes patient can Control the risks of heart attacks and strokes .
“When someone does get a diagnosis of diabetes, they probably have had prediabetes for as long as 10 years,” says Gerald Bernstein, MD.
“By the time their diagnosis is made, their risk for cardiovascular disease is extremely high. And then 10 years later, they will have their first cardiovascular event.”
How Diabetes Patient Can Prevent Heart Attacks and Stokes
Control your blood sugar
If you’ve been prescribed medication, take it. To make sure your blood sugar is in the safe zone, get ahemoglobin A1C test at least twice a year.
This test measures the amount of glucose stuck to red blood cells, which is a sign of blood sugar control in the previous three months. (Aim for below 7%).
For a better sense of your daily blood sugar or how food affects it, you can prick your finger and use a blood glucose monitor to get a reading. (It should be 90 to 130 mg/dL before meals and less than 180 mg/dL one to two hours after eating.)
Get active 30 minutes a day
Try to fit at least 30 minutes of physical activity into your daily routine. Walk a half hour every day, or 10 minutes after each meal. Skip the elevator or escalator and take the stairs instead. Park at the far end of the lot and hoof it to your destination.
Eat heart-healthy Foods
Enjoy whole-grain breads and cereals, fruit, and vegetables, and cut back on Foods loaded in saturated fat and cholesterol.
Also avoid processed Foods with trans fat.
Check your blood pressure
Have your blood pressure checked regularly. It should be below 130/80 for most people.
Shed pounds if you are overweight
A registered dietitian can help you—safely—lose weight. You need to plan meals carefully to get the nutrients you need, while keeping your blood sugar in the safe range.
Kick the habit
If you smoke, try to quit. If you fail, don’t give up or assume you just can’t do it.
There are many ways to quit smoking, but one thing is for sure—most people must try over and over until they succeed.
Have your cholesterol checked
You should have your cholesterol tested at least once a year.
Aim for an LDL, or bad cholesterol, level that is below 100; an HDL, or good cholesterol, level that is above 40 if you’re male and above 50 if you’re female; and triglyceride level that is below 150.
Ask about a daily aspirin regimen
Taking a low dose of aspirin every day may help reduce your risk of Heart disease and stroke.
Daily aspirin isn’t safe for everyone, so make sure to consult your doctor before taking it.