It’s once again the season to hit the trails. Having the necessary emergency kit for your hiking will not only make you confident about going outdoors, but it will also lessen stress during emergencies. Below are some tips for packing your emergency kit for hiking, as shared by Aaron Bertalmio, an Urgent Care Physician from non-profit healthcare network Renown Health.

Packing List

The Reno-Tahoe gets almost 300 days of sunshine during the summer season and has abundant trails for you to explore, so it is best to keep these things with you as you navigate the territory.

Potable water

Believe it or not, most people overlook this basic necessity when they go hiking.  Bring enough water to sustain you throughout the whole adventure. The amount of water depends on the distance and difficulty of the trail.  If the weight of the water is your consideration, your next best option is to filter water from a lake or stream you’ll pass along the trail. You can purify the water with the use of iodine or chlorine dioxide tablets. You may also use charcoal or an ultraviolet light wand. Look for moving water or water flowing through rocks.

Water should be top on your packing list because according to Dr. Bertalmio, a person can only survive for three days without water.

Enough food

Pack sufficient ready-to-eat meals or dehydrated food pouches. This is to make sure you have enough food in case you’re forced to stay outdoors longer than planned.  It will also be your source of energy for the trail back.

Back-up Map

Make sure to bring a map, a compass, or GPS to ensure that you can still navigate the right trail in case your mobile phone’s battery conks out or loses service. 

First Aid Supplies

The contents of your kit may vary depending on the type of your trail you take. But keep these items handy whatever kind of hike you set on:

•    pain reliever;

•    sewing kit;

•    safety pins;

•    tweezers;

•    bandages and moleskin;

•    antibacterial ointment;

•    medical tape;

•    whistle.

Light source

Wear a headlamp to light your way in poorly lit areas. A headlamp is convenient, especially during emergencies because you can use them hands-free.

Warm Shelter

Bring a lightweight blanket even if the hike will only last for a day. The coverage will keep you warm in case your hike turns into an overnight adventure. It will keep you breathing when the temperature suddenly drops at night.

Fire Starter

Pack handy tools such as waterproof matches and lighter to help you start a fire quickly.

Extra clothes

The weather can get inconsistent in northern Nevada and temperatures can vary throughout the day. Pack a lightweight, windproof, and waterproof jacket to make sure you’re protected when Mother Nature gets fickle.

Sun lotion

Needless to say, sunblock should be an essential item in your hiking emergency kit. Bring enough so you can reapply as needed, as the sun can get very intense in Nevada.